Original Article

The Effects of Training on Knowledge and Beliefs About Breast Cancer and Early Diagnosis Methods Among Women


  • Meryem Yılmaz
  • Yazile Sayın
  • Hatice Öner Cengiz

Received Date: 24.06.2016 Accepted Date: 04.10.2016 Eur J Breast Health 2017;13(4):175-182


Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female malignancy in the world and Turkey. Its prevalence and mortality are surprisingly increasing at a rapid rate. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of training sessions on women’s knowledge of relevant risk factors of BC and screening methods, screening behaviors and health beliefs among of healthy women in Turkey.

Materials and Methods:

In this study, in order to establish the efficiency of BC training, a semi-empirical single group pre-test & post-test research model was used. The data were collected by using a self-administered questionnaire and by using the Turkish version of Champion's health belief model scale (CHBMS). The pre-test was performed before the training and after one week of the training, post-test was performed with a questionnaire having the same content.


In total, 244 women participated in the study. The average age of the women was 39.44 (SD=1.06) years. The mean total knowledge score increased significantly (p<.001) from 9.05 in the pre-test to 16.53 in the post-test. The results showed that both mean knowledge scores and CHBMS subscales scores of the women were increased significantly (p<.001) from the pre-test to the post-test. In multiple linear regression analysis, BC screening knowledge of women with susceptibility, benefit, self-efficacy and health motivation subscales of CHBMS, breast self-examination (BSE) practice and self-efficacy were also significant in the post-test; in the pre- and post-tests, a significant relationship among the level of education of women, susceptibility and seriousness was found (p<.001).


The study showed that the training program had profound effects on BC knowledge, screening behaviors and health beliefs of women.

Keywords: Breast cancer, health belief model, early diagnosis methods, breast cancer risk factors, training